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Mayoral power to shut down businesses in emergencies limited by new legislation

By: - January 31, 2022 6:38 pm

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Mayors would no longer be able to order businesses to close during a state of emergency under a GOP-backed proposal fueled by anger stemming from the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, when Arizona cities ordered many businesses to temporarily close.

It’s the latest attempt to reduce the use of emergency powers, following the advancement last week of a bill that would curtail the governor’s emergency powers.

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House Bill 2107 would eliminate the ability of mayors to shut down businesses during declarations of emergency. The law currently allows mayors to shut down businesses, order curfews, close county offices and restrict access to public spaces if they consider it necessary to preserve public safety. 

In March 2020, the mayors of Phoenix and Tucson used those powers to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 by closing bars and setting a curfew for restaurant dining rooms

In a House Military Affairs and Public Safety meeting Monday afternoon, Lake Havasu City Republican Rep. Leo Biasiucci said the power was being applied unevenly and to detrimental effect.

“When the pandemic was in play, small businesses were told they couldn’t be kept open, but Walmart and Home Depot were,” he said. 

Oro Valley Republican Rep. Mark Finchem called mayors who closed businesses “petty tyrants” and said it was hypocritical to be worried about superspreader events when large retailers where lots of people could congregate were kept open.  

More expansive square footage likely made it easier to social distance – which the CDC and the Arizona Department of Health Services still recommend as a strategy to reduce the spread of COVID-19. 

Biasiucci said customers should be allowed to choose which businesses to visit and how to protect themselves. Ultimately, he said, businesses should decide when to close their doors, not local governments. 

There’s a difference between a real emergency and one under the guise of a ‘pandemic.’

– Rep. Mark Finchem, R-Oro Valley

But leaving it solely up to businesses whether to stay open during an emergency could be dangerous, Rep. Daniel Hernandez, D-Tucson, said. Businesses might not deem a wildfire across the highway as an imminent danger and remain open, he said, and local rescue services may be forced to expend resources to save them. 

But Republicans on the committee dismissed this concern by pointing out that the mayor’s ability to declare evacuations — which would remain in law — solves that conflict. 

Roxanna Pitones, a lobbyist for the League of Arizona Cities and Towns, said that limiting mayoral power would remove critical safeguards. 

“These decisions are not made lightly, but are taken with public safety in mind,” she said. 

Finchem responded that fires, floods and sinkholes are immediate emergencies, but the pandemic — which he referred to simply as the need to wear a mask and stay at home — is not. If it was, he argued, every business would still be shut down. 

“There’s a difference between a real emergency and one under the guise of a ‘pandemic,’” he retorted, forming physical quotation marks with his hands.

To date, more than 26,000 Arizonans have died from COVID-19 and caseloads and hospitalizations have been at all-time highs in January. 

Republican Rep. Teresa Martinez said that the indefinite nature of the pandemic is what is most harmful to businesses when they’re ordered to cease operations. 

“With a fire, you can see a start date — when the fire starts — and an end date,” she said. 

For Rep. Marcelino Quiñonez, D-Phoenix, the bill is undermining voter voices. 

“Mayors were elected by communities to make decisions and provide guidance,” he said. 

The bill passed along party lines, with Republicans supporting it; the next step is for consideration by the full House of Representatives. 

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Gloria Gomez/UA Don Bolles Fellow
Gloria Gomez/UA Don Bolles Fellow

Gloria Gomez is a senior at the University of Arizona and the 2022 UA School of Journalism’s Don Bolles Fellow. Gomez has interned at the Arizona Daily Star and worked at the Arizona Daily Wildcat. She is a dual major in journalism and political science, with a Spanish minor. She’s a member of the Investigative Reporters and Editors and National Association of Hispanic Journalists. The UA School of Journalism started the fellowship in 1977 to honor Don Bolles, an Arizona Republic reporter killed in a 1976 car bombing.

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