WASHINGTON — President Joe Biden’s sprawling social spending and climate package has been slimmed down into a $1.75 trillion plan that he and top congressional Democrats are attempting to wrestle through after months of negotiations.
Snipped from the original $3.5 trillion proposal are a number of key priorities for Democrats, including an attempt to create the first paid family leave program for parents and other caregivers.
But the framework announced Thursday includes other sweeping policy changes, such as universal pre-K for U.S. children, help with skyrocketing daycare costs, expanded health care coverage for millions of people, and a major clean-energy investment aimed at combating climate change.
Democrats also tucked in an immigration provision that would update the green card registry from 1972 to 2010, making undocumented people who entered the country before 2010 eligible for the cards that extend permission to reside and work in the U.S.
“No one got everything they wanted, including me, but that’s what compromise is,” Biden said in a White House speech Thursday morning after meeting with congressional Democrats on Capitol Hill. “That’s consensus.”
But a firm agreement among Democrats remained elusive. Two Democratic senators who objected to the broader, more expensive plan that Biden initially outlined — Sens. Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona and Joe Manchin III of West Virginia — have not yet publicly committed to voting for the measure.
Progressive Democrats also have eyed the proposal skeptically after high-profile policy changes they lobbied for were nixed. They want to ensure that the expansion of social programs isn’t left behind if Congress moves first on a pending infrastructure bill to repair the nation’s aging roads, bridges and rails.
The House was set to vote Thursday night on an extension on transportation funding for one week to give lawmakers more time to hash out Biden’s social reform package.
Here’s some of what’s in, and what’s out, of the social spending and climate bill, according to the White House and members of Congress:
- Money to combat climate change — The largest chunk of the bill, $550 billion, would pay for tax breaks for electric vehicles and improvements to clean-energy transmission and storage, as well as money to help make communities more resilient to extreme weather events.
- Universal pre-K; subsidies to reduce daycare costs — Another $400 billion would pay for a new, six-year program to guarantee free preschool for 3- and-4-year-olds. The proposal also would limit child care costs to no more than 7% of income for families earning up to 250% of a state’s median income.
- Extension of expanded Child Tax Credit — The major tax change that has given millions of parents monthly checks instead of an annual credit on their tax bills, and extended that relief to more parents, would continue for another year.
- End the gap in Medicaid coverage — Those living in states that refused to expand Medicaid eligibility under the Affordable Care Act could get tax credits to receive premium-free health coverage on the Obamacare health exchanges through 2025.
- Hearing coverage for Medicare recipients.
- Reduced premiums for health insurance bought on the ACA marketplace.
- Improved Medicaid coverage for home care services.
- $150 billion to expand access to affordable housing.
- Bigger Pell Grants for low-income college students.
- Expanded free school meals.
- Paid family and medical leave — The 12 weeks of paid leave for new parents and other caregivers was pared back during negotiations to four weeks, and then ultimately removed from the proposal.
- Dental and vision care for Medicare recipients.
- Efforts to rein in prescription drug prices — though Rep. Frank Pallone, a New Jersey Democrat who leads the Energy and Commerce panel, says he is “committed to finalizing an agreement” that would include changes like allowing price negotiations.
- Funding for two years of tuition-free community college ($109 billion).
- The Clean Energy Performance Program, which provides financial incentives to utilities to transition away from fossil fuel uses ($150 billion).
The social spending bill would be paid for through a 15% minimum tax on large corporations, as well as a new surtax on the income of multi-millionaires and billionaires, the wealthiest 0.02 percent of Americans, the White House said. Biden has pledged that no one earning less than $400,000 annually will pay more in taxes.
The plan also relies on revenue raised from rolling back some of the Trump administration’s 2017 tax cuts, and more IRS efforts to combat tax evaders.
The Biden administration released details of the framework Thursday morning as the president gave an in-person sales pitch to House Democratic legislators before departing on a long-planned trip to Italy and Scotland.
The latter half of that trip involves a global climate conference, and Biden’s arrival without congressional action on any meaningful U.S. steps to combat climate change would undercut efforts to ask other countries to also reduce greenhouse emissions.
‘Betting on America’
Biden framed debate over the proposal as deciding between “competitiveness vs complacency,” urging lawmakers to support investments he depicted as necessary to restore the U.S. as a leader among nations.
“That’s what these plans are about: betting on America, about believing in America, about believing in the capacity of the American people,” Biden said.
Biden and Democratic leaders in Congress also got some help from former President Barack Obama, who described the deal as “the best chance we’ve had in years to build on the progress we made during my administration and address some of the most urgent challenges of our time.”
But progressives were not budging on their stance to not vote for an infrastructure package without the complete legislative text for Biden’s social reform package, as well as a guarantee that Manchin and Sinema will back it, the leader of the caucus, Rep. Pramila Jayapal (D-Wash.) said in a statement. Progressives also want the social reform package to be scheduled for a floor vote along with the infrastructure bill.
“There is too much at stake for working families and our communities to settle for something that can be later misunderstood, amended, or abandoned altogether,” she said. “That is why dozens of our members insist on keeping both bills linked and cannot vote only for one until they can be voted on together.”
Rep. Cori Bush (D-Mo.) said that she would not vote on the infrastructure package based on the framework the president pitched to lawmakers.
Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.) added that House Speaker Nancy Pelosi does not have the votes from the House Progressive Caucus to pass Biden’s infrastructure package.
House Democrats were also frustrated by a lack of commitment from Sinema and Manchin, who have not stated that they plan to vote on the framework Biden provided.
“After months of productive, good-faith negotiations with President Biden and the White House, we have made significant progress on the proposed budget reconciliation package,” Sinema said in a statement. “I look forward to getting this done, expanding economic opportunities and helping everyday families get ahead.”
Pelosi held a press conference late Thursday afternoon, where she defended the president’s framework. She said even though it did not include everything that Democrats wanted, it was still an historic social reform bill.
“I’m still fighting for paid leave,” she said, adding that the federal government provides paid family leave for Department of Defense federal employees.
In the 2020 National Defense Authorization Act, the Trump administration included 12 weeks of paid family leave for federal employees, a bill that Manchin voted for.
Pelosi did not answer questions whether she was certain that Manchin and Sinema would vote for the Build Back Better package.
“I trust the president of the United States,” she said.
Minutes before the press conference, the House Rules Committee released a nearly 2,000-page draft text of Biden’s social reform package.
The Rules Committee later held a hearing on the bill, where Republicans criticized Democrats for the meeting’s quick timing and objected that they did not have enough time to read the legislative text.
The committee’s chair, Rep. James McGovern (D-Mass.) made it clear that the meeting was not a markup of the bill and that the House had no plans to bring the bill to a floor vote on Thursday.
Pallone, who also chairs the House Energy and Commerce Committee, said during the Rules Committee meeting that he would push for an inclusion of prescription drug pricing such as a cap on seniors’ out-of-pocket spending and penalties for pharmaceutical companies that unfairly raise drug prices.
“I hope that it would have been in there,” he said. “We’ve got to make these investments to deal with the public health crisis.”
Immigration and the Senate
On the immigration provision on green cards, it’s still up to the Senate parliamentarian to give an opinion on whether it would be allowed under the reconciliation process Democrats plan to use because it requires a simple majority in the evenly divided Senate.
The parliamentarian has already ruled against Democrats’ plans to create a pathway to citizenship for millions of undocumented people.
The Biden administration set aside $100 billion for immigration policy—separate from the social reform package—that would help reduce immigration backlogs, expand legal representation and help with processing at the border.
House Judiciary Committee Chair Jerry Nadler (D-N.Y.) said in a statement that the framework will help improve immigration policy.
“With this framework, Congress is taking a key step forward in our effort to modernize our immigration system, and there is no doubt that our country will benefit from the resulting economic gains for decades to come,” he said.
“The immigration provisions in the Build Back Better framework include advancing the registry date, a move last championed by President Ronald Reagan, to allow those who have lived and worked in service to our communities for more than 11 years an opportunity to apply for permanent residence.”
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